Everyone knows that drugs are a serious problem in prisons. They should not, however, be used as a catch-all excuse for every petty prohibition. When I was tangentially involved with family visiting arrangements at HMP Chelmsford in late 1990s I was horrified by the rule that, if a young child needed a wee during the 2 hour visit to his / her father, the mother or carer would have to take them out of the visits hall, do the business, then come through the entire security system again. This would take at least ½ hour, 25% of the scheduled visit. Why? Drugs, of course. So why not have a children's toilet facility within the visits area? Why not, indeed. But you learn not to argue with prison officers if you're the representative of an outside organisation and there on sufferance.
So, should we accept Justice Minister Chris Grayling's assertion that the current prohibition on books, magazines and other personal items being sent or brought in to prisoners is part of a crack-down on Drugs? “We have even seen drugs concealed inside a hollowed out Weetabix,” he writes. Should we stop feeding prisoners perhaps? But seriously Grayling's assertions about the adequacy of prison libraries to supply all residents' reading requirements and his attempt to force prisoners to buy their own stamps, cards, books, magazines, chocolate bars, new underwear and to pay for phone calls out of their so-called 'earnings' is almost laughable – except that it isn't funny at all.
|HMP East Sutton Park|
When Dennis MacShane was sentenced to imprisonment in December 2013 he assumed he would be able to do the same -- but the rules had changed. “One of the first surprises when I entered Belmarsh prison was that all my books were confiscated. I was not allowed to take books into Belmarsh or writing pads and pens. When I asked why, the prison officer replied ' Ask Chris Grayling.'” Grayling's answer would appear to be firstly that MacShane would be able to get all the reading material that he needed from the prison library and secondly that he would be able to buy anything else from his 'earnings'. MacShane described his actual experience in a recent letter to the Times. “At Belmarsh I was locked in my solitary cell for more the 22 hours a day […] I was never allowed into Belmarsh library. After my transfer to Brixton I had one 10 minute visit to its tiny library. A friend sent me books via Amazon but they were returned as undeliverable. […] Basic level prisoners earn £4 per week. The rates go up for standard or enhanced level prisoners but never to a level to afford a book at the inflated prices charged by the firms (not Amazon) that have monopoly contracts to send in books or DVDs.”
Prison libraries are supported by their local authorities. Essex County Council is one of the best providers of library facilities. I have seen the library in HMP Chelmsford and it is completely inadequate for the size of the prison – which is, like most of our prisons, grossly overcrowded and holding far more people than the original Victorian designers had conceived. Many prisoners are locked up for 23 hours out of 24; employment opportunities are extremely limited; visits to the library are a privilege not a right – so can so easily be taken away or cut at times of staff shortage. Education provision is limited and inconsistent. Learning is also frequently interrupted as prisoners are moved from gaol to gaol. Chelmsford prison library has some books in Dutch for the East Coast drug smugglers but in general there is little or no book provision for prisoners who cannot easily read English. I saw some audio cassettes (this was a few years ago) but cannot feel confident that there is adequate choice for dyslexic prisoners and the large number of other inmates who lack basic reading skills.
We could of course stop imprisoning quite so many people – recent changes in sentencing policy mean that Britain sends more people to prison than any other Western European nation. We should all be lobbying the Justice Minister to change his mind on the issue of parcels containing books etc, being sent in by friends and families. Then perhaps we might play with the idea of starting a small campaign of our own: Think of the portability and capacity of a Kindle (or other e-reading device). Consider the wealth of reading matter which could be pre-loaded for free to suit different levels of reading ability and could be made available in a variety of languages. Conceive of a point within every prison where the e-reader could be topped-up, in supervised conditions, with material chosen by the individual inmate. Then, possibly, we may be more able to feel more comfortable living as a society which locks up sentient beings for 23 hours a day. Or not.
Grayling's new policy regarding books for prisoners is petty cruelty and his excuses are worthless. He recently wrote an open letter in which he attempted to defend his ban on book parcels by accusing all those who disagree with him as being 'lefties'. Years ago, when I was at university, I knew Gareth Davies who later spent 6 years as governor of HMP Pentonville (2000-2006) and who was also president of the prison governors' association – that bunch of ignorant pinkos. Davies wrote a letter to the Times in furious support of MacShane. “Idiots who think prison is akin to a spell in a holiday camp go to some very odd places for their holidays. Reading is essential in the educative processes. These have been acknowledged for many years as a key element in rehabilitation. What on earth is the minister thinking?”
This is a question that should concern us all.
This is a question that should concern us all.